In the following pages the European Law Firm member ﬁrms have compiled an introduction to the incorporation of private limited companies throughout Europe. A common feature for all European jurisdictions is the register of incorporated limited companies. Such a register is sometimes kept by the Chamber of Commerce but in most cases by another body (e.g. Companies House in England) despite the co-existence of a Chamber of Commerce. In some countries registration is obligatory with both the public registrar and the Chamber of Commerce.